Word Count: 1245
Compare how the cognitive-behavioural and person-centred models of guidance understand the person, and how those two approaches explain the psychological distress experienced by persons. In Part a couple of, reflect on and write about which in turn of the two models appeals most to you personally and why.
In this task I will illustrate and explain how the cognitive-behavioural approach to counselling reflects conduct as learned. I will explore how the cognitive-behavioural approach identifies dysfunctional thinking as the main cause of psychological relax. I intend to explore how the person-centred models of counselling illustrate the consciousness and approval of personal and how phenomenological thought procedures explain stress. I will highlight the similarities and differences between the cognitive-behavioural approach plus the person-centred types of counselling. I will discuss how the cognitive-behavioural method of counselling is personally more desirable than the person-centred approach. (word count: 92)
The cognitive-behavioural approach to coaching views anyone in the here and now and focus on current challenges. They view the person as suffering from mental distress that could be cured through learning fresh behaviours, although process of smashing the situation down into stages. (word count: 45)
The intellectual behavioural way developed by behavioural psychology. Psychologists wanted to explore behavioural changes by making use of monitoring and challenging intellectual functions. Watson (OU chapter 5 pg 133) advised that mindset should define itself as a scientific study of actual, overt behaviour instead of invisible thoughts and images mainly because these behaviors could be manipulated and monitored in clinical settings. The cognitive behavioural model views the person jointly that is encouraged and includes a vision to create themselves think more comfortable and cure their very own irrational thoughts. (word count: 87)
Skinner (1953) was one of the most important people in the behaviourist movement. He stated that all behaviour is learned operant health. If behavior is exhibited by a person and they get reinforcement or praise, they are going to learn this behaviour is definitely accepted. In the event the behaviour can be ignored, the need " experience a process of extinctionвЂќ whereby they will intercontinental specific unrewarded behaviour. This method shows that you happen to be said to master their behaviours from studying others and acknowledging what receives confident reinforcement. Pavlov (IP 1890's) conducted an experiment in learned behavior; he referred to as the outcome of the, " operant conditioningвЂќ. This individual suggested which a new unconditioned stimulus could be used to stimulate an old response through the procedure for association. The topic of the try things out leaned to associate a bell with the arrival of food as opposed to the old unconditioned stimulus in the lab helper. This research proves that new actions can be learned through the use of new stimulus in case the outcome is actually a desired incentive. (word count number: 169)
Problems is explained by Wolpe (OU Part 5 pg 140) to be caused by a " conditioned mental responseвЂќ. Wolpe was inspired by Pavlov's theory of operant fitness, but advised that a person needed to be introduced to a conditioned stimuli through the process of methodical desensitization. The distress someone faces can evolve and be more intense. Ellis (1962) described this cognitive-behaviour as dysfunctional pondering, this triggers cognitive contortion. (Beck 1976) " The emotional and behavioural issues people experience are not caused by events however the way they interpret themвЂќ. Through a hierarchy, a person can admit different numbers of their problems and learn to behave properly to these situations through a discovered behaviour of relaxation. (word count: 114)
The person-centred approach to counselling focuses on the emphasis of self-...
Sources: [Internet] Wikipedia. Available from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Ellis
Beck A. Capital t (1976)
Rodgers C. Ur (1962: 95) Introduction to guidance, John McLeod, The Wide open University.
Gendlin E. To (1962: 75) Introduction to guidance, John McLeod, The Open up University.
Barrett-Lennard (1981) Introduction to counselling, Steve McLeod, The Open School.
Rice (1974: 84). Summary of counselling, Ruben McLeod, The Open University.